Synthetic Organic Contaminants (SOCs) are man-made compounds used for a variety of industrial and agricultural purposes. This group of contaminants includes pesticides, PCBs, and dioxin. Synthetic Organic Contaminant health effects include damage to the nervous system, kidneys and cancer risks.
Volatile Organic Contaminants (VOCs) are man-made compounds used for a variety of industrial and manufacturing purposes. Volatile Organic Contaminants are not readily dissolved in water and will tend to separate from the water forming gasses. Volatile Organic Contaminants have various effects on the liver, kidneys, nervous system and some pose a cancer risk.
If your water system is a community or non-transient non-community public water systems, they must test for these contaminants. Transient non-community water systems such as campgrounds or gas stations are not required to test for Volatile Organic Contaminants in their water supply.
All community and non-transient non-community systems must test each entry point initially for four consecutive quarters. If there are no detections, they can be reduced to annual monitoring. Groundwater systems with no detections for three years of annual sampling, can be reduced to once every three years and can qualify for a waiver. Groundwater systems with a waiver must sample once every six years. Surface water systems must continue annual monitoring unless they get a waiver, then they must monitor once every three years.
|Contaminant||Maximum Contaminant Level (mg/l)|
Waiver information can be found at 40 CFR 141.249(f)(7)